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【書報討論】108/11/21 國立清華大學動力機械工程學系 張禎元特聘教授


演講者:國立清華大學動力機械工程學系 張禎元特聘教授

講題:機器人於復健醫療之技術開發與應用Technology Development & Application of Robotics in Rehabilitation Medicine

演講摘要:To contend with an aging population and limitation of availability of healthcare manpower, the adaptation of robotics in rehabilitation has increased, in particular in developed countries where aging is playing significant role in resulting in long-term disabilities. Strokes, which are primary contributed by hypotonia and chronic hemiparesis, have been found to be one of the major causes for the long-term disabilities, leading to limb/hand functional impairments in patients. Due to limitation of muscle motor capabilities, hyperexcitability of the stretch reflex is commonly found in stroke patients. The so-called “stiffness” or “tightness” of muscles in the stroke patients is referred to the muscle spasticity which is caused by hyperexcitability of motoneurons. In medical practices, it is found that with precise and repeated range of motion (ROM) exercises, the aforementioned flexor hyperexcitability can be reduced. In present practices, the ROM exercises are operated by therapist’s hands to temporarily reduce the severity of spasticity. In evidence-based medicine, it is demonstrated that with robot-assisted rehabilitation, the high-repetitive and high-precision movements can greatly improve the quality of rehabilitation for stroke patients. In this seminar, viewing the robotic rehabilitation devices as smart machines, Professor Chang will first discuss government’s strategic aims in long-term care and digital precision medicine as well as the global market trend in rehabilitation robots. Then the robotic technologies suitable for rehabilitation will be discussed by sharing his R&D experience in the development of wearable robotic assistive rehabilitation devices for hand/fingers, of which devices later obtained Taiwan FDA and ISO13485 certifications. Last but not the least, strategic approaches in transforming technologies into commercial products will be discussed in the context of combining university R&D, government resource as well as venture capital opportunities.